By James Neil Sneddon
This ebook goals to explain elements of the Indonesian language as spoken via informed Jakartans in daily interactions. This variety of language is in lots of methods considerably various from the formal language of presidency and schooling, to the level that it merits separate attention. whereas formal Indonesian has been the topic of a large amount of description little or no recognition has been paid to the casual forms of the language. the range defined the following, Colloquial Jakartan Indonesian, is the status number of colloquial Indonesian and is turning into the normal casual sort. the outline and texts in following chapters are drawn from recordings of average speech of proficient humans residing in Jakarta.
While the ebook goals to notify people with a heritage in linguistics the wishes of academics and novices with very little wisdom of linguistics is often borne in brain. The paintings hence doesn't think of theoretical linguistic concerns nor use technical phrases which might no longer be simply understood through such a lot readers.
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Extra resources for Colloquial Jakartan Indonesian (Pacific Linguistics, 581)
Gonggong > nggonggong ‘bark’ (19) Nggak mbedain orang miskin orang kaya. apart-in person poor person rich [They] don’t distinguish between poor people and rich people. (20) Dia cuma nggonggong sama yang cakep. looking He only barks at good-looking people. Such prenasalisation of voiced consonants b, d, j, g is not common in the speech of younger people, mainly being used by older people of Javanese background and even they use nge- (see below) more frequently. 22 Chapter 2 Prefix nge- occurs before all initial consonants except p, t, s, c, k.
Don’t hold it! However, active clauses can occur in imperatives also: (168) Ambilin dong, ambilin! fetch dp fetch Get them! Get them! Some verbs which only occur intransitively in FI can be used as passive transitive verbs in CJI. The most common of these are mau ~ mo ‘want’, tau ‘know’ and suka ‘like’, although others also occur. Both examples below are passive type two, with the object (and the agent) preceding the verb: (169) Cewek-cewek di Atma gua suka karena banyak yang cantik.
A rule prevents suffix -i being expressed after base-final i. Thus beri ‘give’ followed by the recipient, as in memberi dia (buku) ‘give him (the book)’, theoretically has suffix -i. In CJI this rule does not apply to -in; it can follow a base-final i: bukti + -in > buktiin ‘prove’. 5), suffix -in cannot occur; only suffixes -kan and -i co-occur with ter-: The description of Colloquial Jakartan Indonesian (89) Mungkin lo, ini pemikiranku aja, kita kan sudah tersakiti, gitu lo. possible dp this thinking-my just we dp already ter-hurt-i thus dp Possibly, this is just my thinking, we have already been hurt, you see.