Classical Islam: A History, 600 A.D. to 1258 A.D. by G. E. von Grunebaum

By G. E. von Grunebaum

In a booklet written with the poignancy and wonder applicable to its material, the writer opens by way of reminding us that "the essence of a society is in a feeling exact with its history." Classical Islam additionally serves as a reminder that during the case of Islam, regardless of its triumphs at the fields of conflict, telling its background is the one manner open to us to render that essence available and convey it from either side. The paintings bargains a grand narrative of a religion that provides an interpretation of the area, a lifestyle, and a mode of pondering, that is going a ways past institutional or political helps. The relevance of this historic standpoint is past dispute.  

The interval from 610 A.D. whilst Muhammad acquired his "call" till the conquest of Baghdad via the Mongols in 1258 is named the classical interval of Islam. This was once the interval of the nice growth of Islam either as a political constitution and as a non secular and highbrow neighborhood. It demonstrated the bottom for the advance of the excessive Islamic civilization of North Africa, the close to East, Persia, and India, in addition to extra enlargement of the Islamic non secular and highbrow neighborhood through the international. This ebook provides an authoritative historical past of the interval written by way of one of many world's top specialists at the subject.

Classical Islam examines the relationships, either cultural and political, among the Islamic global and the Mediterranean nations and India and elaborates at the fiscal, social, and highbrow elements and forces that formed the Muslim global and molded its interactions with "infidels." The paintings is written in a transparent and direct narrative shape, emphasizing at the same time the most important highbrow tendencies and the political occasions and traits of the formative interval in Islamic background that also resonates today.

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Additional resources for Classical Islam: A History, 600 A.D. to 1258 A.D.

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Directly after the retreat of the allies the third and last of the politically important Jewish tribes, the Qurai~a. was annihilated as a punishment for their ambiguous behaviour during the siege; about six hundred men were executed and the women and children sold into slavery. Medina was now virtually a homogeneous sovereign city of the Muslim umma. The word umma, already employed by the pre-Islamic poet Nabigha in the sense of religious community, comes into use with the 40 MUHAMMAD hijra to designate the Community; even in modern times there is no word for 'state': the word daula, in use since the eighth century, means dynasty or regime.

But it was less these customs than the rites themselves which lent their rhythm to the Community, in particular the Koranic prohibition of the movable month, which had served the Arabs to adjust between their lunar calendar and the solar year, but had been handled it seems with little skill (Koran 9, 36-37). Apart from the inclination to disassociate from paganism, the new divisions of time established by God seem to have been inspired by a certain practicality of attitude to a measure which had previously made life exceedingly complicated.

During Muhammad's last years there gradually took shape the religious law of personal status: limited polygamy in the patriarchal family and a regulation of inheritance which took account of the new individualism. Religious custom was also in process of creating the image that to Muslim eyes was to seem characteristic of the new religion. At about the same time were introduced the prohibitions of various pagan customs, such as wine-drinking (2, 216) and the eating of pork (2, 174)· The practice of circumcision, taken over from the pagan period without Koranic sanction, was affirmed.

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