By Chen Ru, Wang Tianhui
The booklet is for foreigners to profit spoken chinese language. via humans task state of affairs, the novices can research spoken chinese language simply, and clutch the day-by-day verbal exchange of chinese language progressively.
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Extra info for Chinese Situational Dialogues
If faithfull soules be alike gloriﬁ’d w s w s w sw s ws (‘‘Holy Sonnet: ‘If faithfull soules’ ’’ 1) Note that the scansions of (33) and (34) cannot be consistently explained as e¤ects of the Rhythm Rule, even though that rule certainly a¤ects stress in Donne in the same way it does in Shakespeare, giving pairs of lines like (35) parallel to (27): (35) a. No Crosse is so extreme, as to have none; w s w s w s w s w s (‘‘The Crosse’’ 14) b. But extreme sense hath made them desperate; w s w s w s w s ws (‘‘Elegie: Death’’ 8) The initial syllables of many of the misaligned words of (33) and (34) do not bear secondary stress; behold God in (33a), for example, is prosodically parallel to divine soul in (28).
B. Which, as the soule quickens head, feet and heart, w s ws w s w s w s (‘‘Elegie: The Bracelet’’ 37) 42 Kristin Hanson c. Dost woe my soule, for hers o¤ring all thine: w s w s w s w s w s (‘‘Holy Sonnet: ‘Since she whome I lovd’ ’’ 10) d. Immensity cloysterd in thy deare wombe. w s ws w s w s w s (‘‘La Corona’’ 28) But there are also quite a few exceptions of other kinds, which are strikingly similar to those described by the set of constraints in (20). Strong syllables of lexical words also occur in W under left alignment, parallel to Shakespeare’s phrases in (13) and nonlexical words in (22) allowed by (20b): (31) a.
414) d. Shall we hear from you, Catesby, ere we sleep? 188) Lines in which neither condition holds, as in (16), are claimed not to occur, or at least to be so rare as to require inclusion of some restriction on them as part of the meter’s description (Kiparsky 1977, 207; Youmans 1983): (16) a. 34 Kristin Hanson b. Syllables that are strong relative to an immediately preceding weak syllable in a di¤erent lexical word are restricted in the same way. 3 that it is the prosodic hierarchy and not the syntax directly that deﬁnes metrically relevant constituent relationships.