Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective by Carmen Jany

By Carmen Jany

The Chimariko language, now extinct, was once spoken in Trinity County, California. This reference grammar, in response to info gathered by means of Harrington within the 1920's, represents the main complete description of the language. Written from a functional-typological viewpoint this paintings additionally examines language touch in Northern California displaying that grammatical features are frequently shared between genetically unrelated languages in geographically contiguous areas.

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Other nominal syntactic relations are unmarked. With regard to fusion, Chimariko appears to be mostly agglutinating. In general, word-internal morpheme boundaries are easily recognizable. Roots and affixes are clearly separable with one exception: most verb roots have an initial vowel which sometimes fuses with certain prefixes. However, fusion may be harder to detect given the limited nature of the data. It could occur in the tense-aspect marking which is not fully understood. Chimariko is mainly suffixing, but personal pronouns and possessors are either prefixed or suffixed.

This can be explained by the fact that the sequence y-i (palato-alveolar glide - high front vowel) is avoided due to the similarity of the two sounds. This is summarized in the following rule: y -> ˀ /___i . e. ya-, hence eliminating the contrast in number. 3) First person plural forms always contain the vowel /a/ marking number. 4) The initial stem vowel always surfaces in the third person pronouns. 5) In general, no front vowels /e, i/ occur after /qʰ/ and /čʰ/. 4. In the first person singular patient forms and the second person plural agent forms the stem-initial front vowels are backed, hence e -> o and i -> u.

Aspirated Fricative voiceless Nasal Rhotic Approximant vl. 7 Allophonic variations. e. 004). Most frequent in the available sources are instances of the allophonic voiced alveolar stop [d], as in example 1a. 1a. č’utamdače načʰidot ‘Burnt Ranch’ ‘we’ sunda wisseeda ‘being’ (from ‘to be’) ‘downstream’ Also worth mentioning is the allophonic status of consonant length which has been attributed to sporadic lengthening of the second consonant in words of the shape CVCV (Berman 1985), as in example 1b (from Berman 1985:348, based on Sapir’s data).

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