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This completely researched learn highlights the foreign community's failure to manage modern country learn, improvement, advertising and marketing and/or deployment of rebel keep an eye on brokers and incapacitating chemical agent guns.
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Extra resources for Chemical Control: Regulation of Incapacitating Chemical Agent Weapons, Riot Control Agents and their Means of Delivery
Will have incapacitating properties that could make them suitable as so-called “nonlethal” agents . . Efforts are reportedly underway in some States Parties to develop weapons with nonlethal properties for use in law enforcement situations. 80 The report noted that: “existing pharmacological agents could be used in a nefarious way. An example would be currently used agents, such as alpha blockers, that would work quickly to drop blood pressure if delivered in high doses. 84 “Once you have a very prominent event like [the Moscow siege] most chemical defence establishments would be remiss if they didn’t at least do a little bit of work to ﬁgure out how to protect themselves.
1. Illustrative case study: US research and development of ICA weapons Details of the historical ICA weapons research and development (R&D) programmes that have been made public are partial and of varying reliability. However, information released by the United States into its past programmes show that the range of chemicals that were under consideration, as potential ICAs with weapons utility, was extensive. For example, the 1997 United States Army textbook, Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare, stated that: Virtually every imaginable chemical technique for producing military incapacitation has been tried at some time.
S. 194 The potential law enforcement uses highlighted included: “hostage and barricade situations; crowd control; close proximity encounters . . 197 It is not known whether Phase 2 or 3 were ever undertaken and if so, when or by whom. 199 In ﬁscal year 2001, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) funded a threephase project on NLW at the Institute for Non-Lethal Defense Technologies (INLDT) at PSU. Phase 2 of the project was to “ . . 202 Whilst the report highlighted concerns regarding compliance with the CWC, the NRC panel recommended “increase[d] research in the ﬁeld of human response to calmatives”.