Archive For The “Evolution” Category
By Fred Hapgood
1979, First version. e-book is New. dirt jacket is in first-class situation with a small repaired tear. similar day delivery.
By Professor Dr. Georgios Contopoulos, Professor Dr. Dimitrios Kotsakis (auth.)
From the reviews:
"It survives the pitfalls of this fashion-conscious period via pursuing a carefully independent-minded perspective to modern principles. the extent is introductory undergraduate, with fairly little arithmetic yet a powerful actual basis.
...The moment half, on common relativity and cosmology, presents a superb account of recent theoretical rules, from rotating black holes to Grand Unified Theories and inflation. The 3rd half is a superb and profound dialogue of the elemental difficulties of cosmology. For a person with a philosophical flip of brain this part on my own makes the publication crucial reading." Nature
By Steven Pinker
during this vintage, the world's specialist on language and brain lucidly explains every little thing you usually desired to find out about language: the way it works, how young children study it, the way it alterations, how the mind computes it, and the way it advanced. With deft use of examples of humor and wordplay, Steven Pinker weaves our massive wisdom of language right into a compelling tale: language is a human intuition, stressed out into our brains by means of evolution. The Language Instinct obtained the William James publication Prize from the yank mental organization and the general public curiosity Award from the Linguistics Society of the United States. This version comprises an replace on advances within the technological know-how of language considering The Language Instinct used to be first released.
By Steven Pinker
In The clean Slate, Steven Pinker, one of many world's major specialists on language and the brain, explores the belief of human nature and its ethical, emotional, and political colours. With attribute wit, lucidity, and perception, Pinker argues that the dogma that the brain has no innate traits-a doctrine held via many intellectuals in the past century-denies our universal humanity and our person personal tastes, replaces goal analyses of social issues of feel-good slogans, and distorts our knowing of politics, violence, parenting, and the humanities. Injecting calm and rationality into debates which are infamous for ax-grinding and mud-slinging, Pinker exhibits the significance of a decent acknowledgment of human nature according to technological know-how and customary experience.
By Peter Godfrey-Smith
In 1859 Darwin defined a deceptively uncomplicated mechanism that he known as "natural selection," a mixture of version, inheritance, and reproductive luck. He argued that this mechanism used to be the foremost to explaining the main complicated good points of the wildlife, and technological know-how and philosophy have been replaced perpetually consequently. the precise nature of the Darwinian strategy has been arguable ever because, besides the fact that. Godfrey-Smith attracts on new advancements in biology, philosophy of technology, and different fields to provide a brand new research and extension of Darwin's thought. The critical suggestion used is that of a "Darwinian population," a set of items with the potential to suffer swap through common choice. From this start line, new analyses of the position of genes in evolution, the applying of Darwinian principles to cultural swap, and "evolutionary transitions" that produce advanced organisms and societies are constructed. Darwinian Populations and normal choice should be crucial interpreting for somebody attracted to evolutionary thought.
By Marc S. Hendrix, Gregory Arlen Davis
By Kopachevsky N.D., Orlov I.V. (eds.)
By Ian Tattersall
Probably the most amazing fossil unearths in historical past happened in Laetoli, Tanzania, in 1974, while anthropologist Andrew Hill (diving to the floor to prevent a lump of elephant dung thrown by means of a colleague) got here head to head with a collection of old footprints captured in stone--the earliest recorded steps of our distant human ancestors, a few 3 million years outdated. at the present time we will be able to see a activity of the making of the Laetoli footprints on the American Museum of traditional heritage, in a gorgeous diorama which depicts of our human forebears jogging facet by means of facet via a snowy panorama of volcanic ash. yet how can we be aware of what those three-million-year-old family members appeared like? How have we reconstructed the eons-long trip from our first historic steps to the place we stand this present day? in brief, how will we comprehend what we expect we all know approximately human evolution? within the Fossil path, Ian Tattersall, the top of the Anthropology division on the American Museum of ordinary historical past, takes us on a sweeping travel of the examine of human evolution, delivering a colourful historical past of fossil discoveries and a revealing insider's examine how those reveals were interpreted--and misinterpreted--through time. the entire significant figures and discoveries are the following. We meet Lamarck and Cuvier and Darwin (we examine that Darwin's concept of evolution, notwithstanding a bombshell, was once very congenial to a Victorian ethos of progress), correct as much as sleek theorists corresponding to Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould. Tattersall describes Dubois's paintings in Java, the numerous discoveries in South Africa by means of pioneers comparable to Raymond Dart and Robert Broom, Louis and Mary Leakey's paintings at Olduvai Gorge, Don Johanson's recognized discovery of "Lucy" (a 3.4 million-year-old woman hominid, a few forty% complete), and the more moderen discovery of the "Turkana Boy," much more whole than "Lucy," and remarkably just like smooth human skeletons. He discusses the various options on hand to investigate unearths, from fluorine research (developed within the Nineteen Fifties, it uncovered Piltdown as a hoax) and radiocarbon relationship to such sleek concepts as electron spin resonance and the research of human mitochondrial DNA. He supplies us a succinct photograph of what we shortly imagine our "family tree" appears like, with no less than 3 genera and maybe a dozen species via time (though he warns that this drastically underestimates the particular range of hominids over the last million or so years). And he paints a bright, insider's portrait of paleoanthropology, the dogged paintings within the broiling solar, trying to find a the teeth, or a fractured nook of bone, amid stone muddle and shadows, without warrantly of ever discovering whatever. and maybe most crucial, Tattersall appears to be like in any respect those nice researchers and discoveries in the context in their social and medical milleu, to bare the insidious ways in which the obtained knowledge can form how we interpret fossil findings, that what we think to discover colours our realizing of what we do locate. Refreshingly opinionated and vividly narrated, The Fossil path is the single booklet to be had to normal readers that provides an entire historical past of our learn of human evolution. a desirable tale with fascinating turns alongside the way in which, this well-illustrated quantity is vital analyzing for somebody concerned with our human origins.
By Carl P. Swanson
By David L. Hull
Legend is late for substitute, and an enough alternative needs to attend to the method of technology as rigorously as Hull has performed. I proportion his imaginative and prescient of a major account of the social and highbrow dynamics of technology that would steer clear of either the rosy blur of Legend and the facile charms of relativism. . . . due to [Hull's] deep challenge with the ways that learn is basically performed, technology as a method starts off an incredible venture within the research of technological know-how. it really is one among a uncommon sequence of books, which Hull himself edits.—Philip Kitcher, Nature"In technological know-how as a approach, [David Hull] argues that the stress among cooperation and festival is precisely what makes science such a success. . . . Hull takes an strange method of his topic. He applies the principles of evolution in nature to the evolution of technological know-how, arguing that a similar sorts of forces accountable for shaping the increase and dying of species additionally act at the improvement of clinical ideas."—Natalie Angier, long island instances publication Review"By some distance the main expert and thorough case in favour of an evolutionary philosophy of science ever to were made. It comprises very good brief histories of evolutionary biology and of systematics (the technology of classifying residing things); a major and unique account of recent systematic controversy; a counter-attack opposed to the philosophical critics of evolutionary philosophy; social-psychological facts, accumulated through Hull himself, to teach that technology does have the nature demanded by means of his philosophy; and a philosophical research of evolution that is common adequate to use to either organic and old change."—Mark Ridley, instances Literary Supplement"Hull is basically attracted to how social interactions in the medical group can assist or prevent the method in which new theories and methods get approved. . . . The declare that technology is a method for choosing out the simplest new principles isn't a brand new one, yet Hull tells us precisely how scientists move approximately it, and he's ready to simply accept that a minimum of to a point, the social actions of the scientists selling a brand new inspiration can impact its probabilities of being accepted."—Peter J. Bowler, information of ordinary History"I were doing philosophy of technological know-how now for twenty-five years, and when i'd by no means have claimed that I knew every thing, I felt that I had a truly solid deal with at the nature of technological know-how, time and again, Hull was once in a position to convey me simply how incomplete my figuring out was once. . . . additionally, [Science as a method] is among the such a lot compulsively readable books that i've got ever encountered."—Michael Ruse, Biology and Philosophy