By Timothy R. Pauketat
Quite a few miles west of Collinsville, Illinois lies the is still of the main subtle prehistoric local civilization north of Mexico. Cahokia Mounds explores the heritage at the back of this buried American urban inhabited from approximately A.D. seven-hundred to 1400.
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Extra resources for Cahokia Mounds (Digging for the Past)
Cahokia mounds / 34 This phase of the digging showed that in earlier times, there were dozens of Woodland Indian villages and campsites across this stretch of the Mississippi River Bottoms. But why were there only scattered farmsteads by Cahokian times? Archaeologist Tom Emerson, who took over the dig after Bareis retired in the 1990s, believes Cahokians encouraged farmers to spread out and farm A small refuse pit in crossmore land than they had before. Several small red stone statues, section shows how archaefound from excavations on the outskirts of Cahokia, indicated highologists would dig its layers ly skilled artisans had made carvings of people, supernatural of dirt and artifacts.
Thunderbird A Native American mythical supernatural being or deity that lived in their sky-world. Its eye and wing feathers were often shown on Cahokia’s ceremonial pots. woodhenge A circle of cedar posts that the Cahokians used for sky watching, or possibly to mark a sacred area. Cahokia is the only Mississippian site with this kind of structure. The people lived in villages; grew crops including squash, corn, and pumpkins; made pottery, and established trading networks. In some places, they built dozens of earthen mounds and buried their dead with many artifacts within the mounds.
The owner had never heard of the dreds of stone arrowheads. mounds even though she The workers’ excitement grew as they spotted layer upon layer was living around the corof human bones beneath the stone tools. They had discovered a ner from them. complex mortuary site that held the remains of hundreds of individuals. About three feet west of the pit were two groups of burials. In one, the main figure was the skeleton of a man lying face-up on a platform or blanket of about 20,000 drilled shell beads.