Brutalism: Post-War British Architecture by Alexander Clement

By Alexander Clement

The time period Brutalism is used to explain a sort of structure that seemed, ordinarily in Europe, from round 1945–1975. Uncompromisingly sleek, this development in structure was once either amazing and arresting and, maybe like no different kind earlier than or considering the fact that, aroused extremes of emotion and debate. a few seemed Brutalist structures as large soulless constructions of concrete, metal, and glass, while others observed the style as a logical development, having its personal grace and balance.

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This test indicates vertebral, basilar, or carotid artery stenosis or compression at one of the seven sites discussed at the beginning of this section. Consideration must also be given to the patency of the carotid arteries and a communicating cerebral arterial circle.

Rate tenderness based on tenderness rating scale (Box 3-1). Inflammation and tenderness secondary to trauma usually are associated with cervical acceleration and deceleration (CAD) types of injuries. Torticollis may also cause local inflammation and tenderness. Palpable bands may indicate a myofascial trigger point. These trigger points may be caused by overuse, trauma, or chilling. They may also indicate arthritic joints or emotional distress. 42 Carotid Arteries Descriptive Anatomy The carotid arteries lie lateral to the trachea and medial to the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

Procedure Palpate each fossa for swelling, tenderness, and any abnormal bony or soft tissue masses (Fig. 3-4). Pain and tenderness associated with swelling secondary to trauma may indicate a fractured clavicle or a separated acromioclavicular joint. Abnormal bony tissue may indicate a cervical rib, which may cause neurological or vascular symptoms in the upper extremity. If an extra rib is suspected, evaluate for thoracic outlet syndrome (see Chapter 5). An abnormal soft tissue mass may indicate lymph adenopathy or a tumor.

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