By L. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari
This publication is an introductory textual content to the physics of Bose-Einstein condensation. This phenomenon, first envisioned by means of Einstein in 1925 has been discovered experimentally in 1995 in a amazing sequence of experiments whose value has been famous by means of the award of the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics. The condensate is absolutely a brand new country of topic, the place quantum-mechanical wave features of atoms behave as coherent subject waves within the similar approach as coherent gentle waves in terms of a laser. The authors supply a theoretical presentation of the most recommendations underlying the physics of dilute atomic gases in stipulations of tremendous low temperatures the place quantum results play a vital position. the most attempt is dedicated to dialogue of the appropriate theoretical points exhibited by way of those systms, corresponding to the idea that of order parameter, lengthy diversity order, superfluidity and coherence. The mathematical formalism is gifted in a sort handy for sensible use. The ebook develops the idea of Bose gases ranging from the pioneering Bogoliubov strategy and offers precise emphasis to the recent actual good points exhibited via non-uniform gases that are produced within the fresh experiments with magnetic and optical traps. those beneficial properties contain the decision of the equilibrium profiles, the collective oscillations, the mechanism of the growth of the gasoline after liberating the seize, the interference styles got through overlapping condensates, the rotational homes revealing the consequences of superfluidity the Josephson-like phenomena assocaited with the coherence of the part, the past suggest box phenomena exhibited via quantum gases in stipulations of lowered dimensionality. The booklet additionally discusses the alaogies and adjustments with the physics of ""classical"" superfluids like liquid helium and introduces a few of the significant positive aspects of trapped Fermi gases at low temperature, stating the results of superfluidity.
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Extra resources for Bose-Einstein Condensation
In the University of Colorado Super Saturday Program, Dr. Ray has challenged and inspired identified gifted students to achieve remarkable levels of accomplishments in both the building of their scientific knowledge base and in the creation of remarkable aerospace projects. Integrating Aerospace Science into the Curriculum: K-12 is a book with a vision. It begins with an exploration of the myths of past civilizations, but it finds its heart and soul in the future. Ultimately, it will help the concerned and creative teachers or mentors to inspire their students to reach for the sky and to touch the stars.
Publisher : Teacher Ideas Press isbn10 | asin : 0872879240 print isbn13 : 9780872879249 ebook isbn13 : 9780585123080 language : English subject Aeronautics--Study and teaching, Gifted children--Education, Talented students--Education. 6291 subject : Aeronautics--Study and teaching, Gifted children--Education, Talented students--Education. Page ii Gifted Treasury Series Jerry D. Flack, Series Editor Integrating Aerospace Science into the Curriculum: K-12. By Robert D. Ray and Joan Klingel Ray. Inventing, Inventions, and Inventors: A Teaching Resource Book.
2d ed. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1985. Leonardo da Vinci's Aeronautics. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1967. , and Doreen K. M. Housel. Come Fly with Me: Exploring K-6 through Aviation/Aerospace Concepts. : Michigan Aeronautics Commission, 1983. McMillin, Sue. "Space Travel Feeds the 'Spirit,' General Says," Colorado Springs Gazette Telegraph, 5 Jan. 1990, p. B2, col. 3. Parfit, Michael. "Flight School," Air and Space Smithsonian 5 (December 1990-January 1991): 78-83. Stine, Megan, et al.