Blood and Debt: War and the Nation-State in Latin America by Miguel Angel Centeno

By Miguel Angel Centeno

What position does warfare play in political improvement? Our realizing of the increase of the countryside is predicated seriously at the Western eu adventure of struggle. demanding the dominance of this version, Blood and Debt seems to be at Latin America's a lot assorted event as extra suitable to politics this day in areas as diverse because the Balkans and sub-Saharan Africa. The book's illuminating evaluate of the particularly peaceable background of Latin the USA from the overdue eighteenth during the early 20th centuries finds the inability of 2 serious necessities wanted for battle: a political and armed forces tradition orientated towards foreign violence and the kingdom institutional means to hold it out. utilizing cutting edge new info similar to tax receipts, naming of streets and public monuments, and conscription documents, the writer conscientiously examines how struggle affected the monetary improvement of the country, the production of nationwide identification, and claims to citizenship. instead of construction realms and fostering democratic citizenship, he exhibits, battle in Latin the USA destroyed associations, proven inner divisions, and killed many with no goal or glory.

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Parker, The Military Revolution; Howard, The Causes of War; Wallerstein, The Modern World System. The Latin American Puzzle 23 their own governance. 63 The variation in institutional outcomes from limited war is much greater than what results from total war. We can, however, safely predict some general patterns. Limited wars are likely to (a) leave some form of fiscal or debt crisis as states have failed to adjust to the extra expenditures; (b) support the development of a professionalized military with little popular participation and possibly the resentment of civilians who have not participated in the struggle; (c) lead to alienation from patriotic symbols, as gains from war will be limited and some element of disenchantment arises; and (d) possibly produce economic downturns resulting from a shift in resources or breaks with the global market.

Each of these in turn helps determine how states fight. The bellicist perspective represents a potentially rich guide for analyzing the Latin American state. First, more than most theories of state formation, it provides a straightforward historical model that can be abstracted and applied to different locales. The occurrence of war is a relatively clear-cut historical phenomenon that can be dated and from which one can measure 42. McNeill, The Rise of the West; Poggi, The Development of the Modern State; Moore, Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy; Giddens, The Nation-State and Violence; Mann, Sources of Social Power, vols.

2. Howard, Causes of War. 3. Singer and Small, Resort to Arms. 4. Levy, War and the Modern Great Power System, 51. Making War 35 There are too many examples of brutal and bloody conflicts for this to be denied. The Creole population of Guanajuato was massacred in 1810, while the Yaquis, Mayas, and Mapuches—to name just three examples—were pursued with practically genocidal fury throughout the nineteenth century. The War of the Triple Alliance almost depopulated Paraguay, and the Chaco War cost nearly one hundred thousand lives.

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