Beyond the Exotic: Women's Histories in Islamic Societies by Amira Sonbol

By Amira Sonbol

This quantity introduces new assets for the research of the earlier and current lifetime of Muslim ladies that problem paradigms in regards to the ways that "they" were studied some time past. so much examine has taken care of stereotypical photos of Muslim women's outward manifestations, similar to veiling, as passive and oppressivewomen have been depicted as assorted. Exoticizing (orientalizing) Muslim womenor Islamic society in generalhas intended that "they" are handled outdoors of basic women's historical past and hence have little to give a contribution to the writing of global heritage or to the lifetime of their sisters world wide. by way of coming near near time-honored resources with varied questions and methodologies, and through the use of new or little-used study (with a lot basic research), this ebook redresses those deficiencies. Amira El-Azhary Sonbol and the participants deconstruct the prior and provide clean new views. Authors revisit and reevaluate scripture and scriptural interpretation; church files concerning non-Muslim girls of the Arab global; archival court docket documents courting from the current again to the Ottoman interval; and the oral and fabric tradition and its written checklist, together with paintings and structure, oral background, textbooks, sufi practices, and the politics of costume.

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30[29]. , 41, 55. , 38—almost in the words of St. Paul, Gal. , 5. To bring such passages into harmony with the promise of paradise as the unconditional reward of simple faith to the believer, a system of intermediate punishments has been invented by the theologians. If the good works of a believer outweigh the evil, he will go direct to heaven; otherwise he must undergo punishment for a term, and then be translated to paradise. Thus the promise to the believer is eventually secure. Unbelievers have no such prospect.

The embargo on usury indeed, if rigorously pressed, must embarrass the prosecution of merchandise and national projects. Personal liberty has also been trenched upon by the interdict of all games of chance, which has aggravated the austerity and gloom of society already resulting from female seclusion. The same may be said of the prohibition of wine, which, however, along with the penalty of stripes for drunkenness, will not be objected to, perhaps may even be applauded, by some. The institutions most damaging to the welfare of Islâm are, without doubt; polygamy, divorce, slavery, and the obligation to war against unbelievers.

E. the women) tucked up our garments, took clubs in our hands, and issued forth to tend the wounded; and every wounded Moslem on the field we raised up and gave drink to, and every wounded heathen on the field we despatched. , p: 73. 2 The Moslem subjects of a Christian Power (as in India) are under the recognized obligation of loyalty to the Government protecting them, so long as they have the free exercise of their religion. 3 “ Life of Mahomet,” p. 343. At the same time, the comparison of Christian with Mahometan ethics is not altogether free from difficulty.

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