Beyond Mapping: Meeting National Needs Through Enhanced by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, The Mapping Science Committee, Committee on Beyond Mapping: The Challenges of New Technologies in the Geographic Information Sciences

Geographic details structures (GIS), the worldwide Positioning procedure (GPS), distant sensing, and different info applied sciences have all replaced the character of labor within the mapping sciences and within the professions, industries, and associations that depend upon them for uncomplicated study and schooling. at the present time, geographic details platforms became imperative to the methods millions of presidency organizations, deepest businesses, and not-for-profit enterprises do company. notwithstanding, the availability of GIS/GIScience pros has no longer saved velocity with the call for generated by way of growing to be wishes for extra and stronger geographic details platforms and for extra strong geographic data.

Beyond Mapping assesses the country of mapping sciences firstly of the twenty-first century and identifies the severe nationwide wishes for GIS/GIScience execs. It examines the forces that force and accompany the necessity for GIS/GIScience execs, together with technological switch, call for for geographic details, and adjustments in corporations. It assesses schooling and examine wishes, together with crucial education and schooling, new curriculum demanding situations and responses, caliber insurance in schooling and coaching, and organizational demanding situations. a few of the report's innovations contain extra collaboration between educational disciplines, inner most businesses, and govt firms; the implementation of GIS/GIScience in any respect degrees of schooling; and the advance of a coherent, accomplished examine time table for the mapping sciences.

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The information that is used to dispatch emergency vehicles, calculate property taxes, and drive dash- 24 BEYOND MAPPING board navigation systems can also be employed in site selection and market analysis. Consequently, an energetic market has developed for firms that capture, convert, and maintain geospatial data. One company reported that it had 15 vacancies and planned to hire another 35 people the following year (A. Miglarese, personal communication to D. Cowen, January 12, 2005). More important, the president of the company suggested that it was impossible to find people with the skills to integrate digital imagery with other information systems.

Today it also includes broader issues related to the modeling and representation of geographic data, phenomena, and processes; human cognition of geographic information; the analysis and description of uncertainty; spatial analysis and modeling, including GIS; scale; geographic ontologies;12 visualization;13 and similar topics. Examples of specific questions of relevance to the Geospatial Information Office (GIO) are: • What roles do scale, resolution, and uncertainty of scientific information play in addressing different types of issues?

In addition to enjoying new ways of collecting, viewing, and manipulating more accurate and more precise geographic data, geographic information scientists continue to improve their capacities to create higher-dimensional datasets by integrating data from multiple 43 44 BEYOND MAPPING sources. Maintaining or accelerating current rates of improvement in data integration constitutes a major challenge, as does grappling with the related questions of access to data (who can have what, when, and where), data preservation (what and how much to keep and how to organize what is kept) and providing access to stored information.

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