By Mark Richard Miller, Rex Miller
This is wisdom you could construct on
Whether you are construction a garage shed or your dream apartment, an identical rules govern picking out a website, surroundings the basis, erecting the partitions, and placing at the roof. this useful how-to consultant has been absolutely revised and up-to-date to hide new construction fabrics and the most recent recommendations in development and framing. it truly is the place to discover solutions and strategies, from the 1st stake to the final roofing nail.
* pick out a suitable website and lay out the structure
* build a beginning that meets structural wishes and climate conditions
* paintings with block development materials
* comprehend balloon body, post-and-beam, and platform body construction
* Calculate rafter size and select the fitting roofing materials
* set up skylights, cornices, doorways, home windows, and diverse kinds of siding
Read or Download Audel Carpenter's and Builder's Layout, Foundation, and Framing PDF
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Additional resources for Audel Carpenter's and Builder's Layout, Foundation, and Framing
To properly damp-proof the basement (if such a situation exists), a 4-inch drain tile can be placed at the base of the foundation wall. The drain tile can be laid with open joints or it can have small openings along the top. The tile should be placed in a bed of wash gravel or crushed stone and should drain into a dry streambed or storm sewer. The outside of the wall should then be parged, or covered with a mixture such as masonry cement, mopped with hot asphalt, or covered with polyethylene. These techniques will keep moisture from seeping through the foundation.
ABC will then be a right angle, and point C will be properly located. The lines for the other two-sides of the rectangle are laid out in a similar manner. After getting the positions for the corner stake pins, erect batter boards and permanent lines (see Figure 1-5). A simple procedure may be used in laying out the foundations for a small rectangular building. Be sure that the opposite sides are equal and then measure both diagonals. No matter what this distance may be, they will be equal if the building is square.
Keep in mind that concrete is heavy. Though structural concrete can vary in weight from 60 to 300 pounds per cubic foot (lb/ft3), most structural slabs will use concrete weighing about 150 lb/ft3. This includes the weight of the reinforcing. The form weights can vary from 4 to 15 pounds per square foot. Special care should be taken in bracing and tying down forms such as those for retaining walls, in which the mass of concrete is large at the bottom and tapers toward the top. In this type of construction, and in other types (such as the first pour for walls and columns), the concrete tends to lift the form above its proper elevation.