By The Institution of Structural Engineers
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Additional resources for Appraisal of existing structures
The engineer should therefore be prepared to make appropriate professional judgements to assess the acceptable level of risks of these structures, and make suitable recommendations to the client. ) In addition to the technical issues, it is important for the engineer to understand the legal framework used to judge, in consultation with the client, the acceptability of risks. Appendix 2 describes the legal position in the UK, and similar legal principles are often applicable in other countries. 4).
A three-dimensional model will often allow the load to be distributed further. Plastic analysis and finite element analysis are sometimes useful in this further distribution of load. The analysis will usually be carried out by suitable computer programs. Care should be taken in interpreting the results. The results should also be checked against the actual structural behaviour on site to verify the validity of the computer model and the boundary conditions assumed. 14. It is also important to check whether the existing connections will sustain the redistribution of loading assumed or derived.
A very cautious approach should be taken to isolated values or recommendations from one code being considered in conjunction with values or recommendations in another code. For example, concrete cover given in a later code should not be treated as applying to earlier construction because the concrete mix and cover specifications and compaction standards might have been quite different. It is sometimes useful, however, to compare the latest code requirements with those in use when the building was constructed.