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Suggest Both types fall into several main etymological groups according to their derivation from the vocal, mental, visual, and spatial fields. at least partly in the spatial domain, and three in other domains (the latter will not be discussed here). Some examples are: (1) Assertives derived from the field of vocalization: advocate < Lat. ad + vocāre announce, denounce "to + call" < Lat. particle + nuntiāre "to, from + say/shout" claim, proclaim confess, say (2) < IE * kel- profess, < IE sekw- prophesy "utter" "shout" bhā- < IE "speak" 16 Assertives derived from the field of mental and psychological states: acknowledge IE comment, note, on + criāwan "on/in + know1???
Ad + serere "join oneself to" < IE ser"line up" concede < Lat. con + cedere "go away, withdraw" conjecture < Lat. con + icere "throw together" inform < Lat. in + formare "give form/shape to" maintain < Lat. manu tenere "hold in hand" remark < IE merg- "boundary, mark" repeat < Lat. re + petere "go back to, seek again" reply < OF replier "fold back" retort < Lat. re + torquere "bend, twist back" state < Lat. status "standing" submit < Lat. sub + mittere "put under" suggest < Lat. sub + gerere "under + carry" With the exception of point out, which is still transparent to a modern English speaker, as was indicated above, none of the forms cited above would probably be considered "metaphorical" or even "dead metaphors" by most linguists because access to the original meanings is restricted al- "CONVENTIONAL" AND "DEAD" METAPHORS 39 most entirely to those who know Latin or are interested in 18 etymologies.
H. (1964), Der Umfang des historischen hegriffs. Diss. Köln. Metaphern- Mack, D. " Poetics 221-256. A. " Poetics 4:257-272. Nieraad, J. (1977), Bildgesegnet und bildverflucht : Forschungen sur sprachlichen Metaphorik. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. Peirce, C. (196o), Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, vols. 1-6, ed. by C. Hawthorne & P. Weiss; vol. 7-8, ed. W. Burks. Cambrigde: Harvard University Press. Pele, J. " In: D. Davie et al. ), Poetics ■- Poetyka - Poetika. The Hague: Mouton; pp.