By Ato Kwamena Onoma
Utilizing comparative instances from Guinea, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, this examine explains why a few refugee-hosting groups release large-scale assaults on civilian refugees whereas others chorus from such assaults even if inspired to take action by way of kingdom officers. Ato Kwamena Onoma argues that those assaults occur the place governments instigate them due to hyperlinks among a number of refugees and significant competition teams within the host nation. there's an expanding tendency for students to target militarized refugees and view refugees as propagators, rather than sufferers, of violence. Onoma reorients the examine of refugees again to a spotlight at the disempowered civilian refugees that represent nearly all of refugees even in instances of critical refugee militarization, and provides feedback for broader realizing of and coverage innovations for refugee politics and violence.
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Additional resources for Anti-Refugee Violence and African Politics
48 Ethnography has particular strengths in sorting through these types of situations in which dissembling is routine. For one, identifying what constitutes critical evidence requires the deep understanding of structures that ethnographic immersion allows for. Immersion by a researcher can also take away some of the incentives that people have to dissimulate. Much of such dissembling in refugee situations is aimed at humanitarian 46 47 48 Kibreab, Gaim, “Pulling the wool over the eyes of the strangers: refugee deceit and trickery in institutionalized settings,” Journal of Refugee Studies 17 (2004): 1–26; Lacey Andrews Gale, “Bulgur marriages and ‘Big’ women: navigating relatedness in Guinean refugee camps,” Anthropological Quarterly 80 (Spring 2007): 355–378.
Many host countries resist local integration, as noted by Samuel Agblorti, “Refugee integration in Ghana: the host community’s perspective,” New Issues in Refugee Research 203 (March 2011): 2. 28 Anti-Refugee Violence and African Politics the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it. 2 by extending the definition to all who fit the preceding characteristics.
Ethnographic immersion can contribute to convincing research subjects that the researcher is not a humanitarian worker. It is never certain that the researcher will be able to convince everyone no matter how long she spends in the field, and research subjects have good reasons to doubt researchers’ efforts at distancing themselves from humanitarian workers. Many researchers will at some point work as consultants for such agencies, many associate with humanitarian workers while in the field, and humanitarian workers sometimes read work produced by researchers.