Ancient Maya Pottery: Classification, Analysis, and by James John Aimers

By James John Aimers

“Aimers has introduced jointly best Maya ceramicists who offer their candid perspectives on how they classify pottery. This quantity is of specific theoretical energy for the dialogue on terminology in class, either for severely comparing the type-variety procedure and for normal class of pottery.”—Heather McKillop, writer of Salt

“At final, we now have the chance to benefit the aptitude strengths in addition to the pitfalls of a unmarried approach for the learn of the prehistoric Maya.”—Fred Valdez Jr., coeditor of Ancient Maya Commoners

“An fascinating trip via an analytical process that's foundational to development deep and intricate histories but is deployed with a flexibility that a few settle for and others question.”—Patricia A. McAnany, collage of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

“Aimers has pulled jointly a chain of theoretical, methodological, and major papers through admired Maya ceramicists that evaluation the advance, present software, and boundaries of the type-variety method.”—E. Wyllys Andrews, Tulane University
 


the traditional Maya produced a extensive diversity of ceramics that has attracted concerted scholarly awareness for over a century.  Pottery sherds—the such a lot ample artifacts recovered from sites—reveal a lot approximately creative expression, non secular ritual, monetary platforms, cooking traditions, and cultural trade in Maya society.

           
this present day, approximately each Maya archaeologist makes use of the type-variety classificatory framework for learning sherd collections. This notable quantity brings jointly a number of the archaeologists signally concerned about the research and interpretation of old Maya ceramics and represents new findings and cutting-edge pondering. the result's a booklet that serves either as a precious source for archaeologists inquisitive about pottery class, research, and interpretation and as an illuminating exploration of old Mayan culture.


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Identification: assigning objects to existing groups or categories Classification proper, or paradigmatic classification, refers to procedures based on, and formalized into, a typology: a conceptual structure of attributes relating to theoretical needs. Type-Variety: What Works and What Doesn’t Dunnell (1971b) further distinguishes between attributes that are equivalent and of equal weight in the sorting versus those that are nonequivalent, ordered, or weighted. An example of the former is classes based on form: bowl, jar, plate, and cup are equivalent, unordered dimensions of the attribute “form,” and we need not have these categories physically present to conceive of their existence.

Schematic of classificatory principles and characteristics of resultant units realm phenomenological ideational grouping classification (categorization) (identification) Creates: Groups of objects Conceptual classes Based on: Objects, single attributes Attribute clusters, ideas Interpretation: Actual, historical, finite Potential, historical, infinite Statistical clustering, most modal analysis Numerical taxonomy, cluster analysis Some modal analysis procedure unit relations equivalent (unordered) hierarchical Source: After Dunnell 1971a: fig.

Rice 1. By solving a problem: Type-variety was established to aid the dating of archaeological sites through comparison of ceramic complexes. This it has done well. 2. By describing and naming objects: The type-variety system uses binomial nomenclature to name objects, the second term being a descriptor of color, decoration, and so forth. This too has worked fairly well. ” 3. By fostering communication: In general, when someone says Tinaja Red, Mayanists know that this is a Late Classic red-slipped type in the southern lowlands; the type name is not used for other pottery elsewhere in the lowlands, and the type is not confused with a ware or a variety.

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