By Andrea Bieberstein
Concern approximately meals hazards is common. shoppers, although, are stumbled on to vary when it comes to how they review those dangers. probably the most famous findings during this regard is the diversities among men and women. Many reviews file that males are much less fearful approximately environmental and technological dangers than girls, that's additionally the case for nutrition dangers. even as it really is criticized that those modifications are frequently exaggerated, similarities ignored, and systematic investigations are missing. Andrea Bieberstein offers a finished evaluation of theoretical ways to chance notion and empirical paintings that has been performed within the box of probability notion examine. in addition, she offers a scientific research of ways nutrients dangers are built for ladies and males by means of uncovering the meanings by way of institutions, emotions, and values that they connect to varied meals hazards. this enables a deeper realizing of the gender modifications in hazard notion by way of their relevance and meaning.
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Extra resources for An Investigation of Women’s and Men’s Perceptions and Meanings Associated with Food Risks
Finally, results of studies that examined the relationship between more specific values such as environmental values and risk perception are presented. 1 Worldviews and Values People’s assessments of risks have been found to be related to their worldviews and values that are perceived to be advocated by or inhibited by related risks (Rohrmann and Renn, 2000; Slovic, 1999). Empirical work based on the Cultural Theory of risk has investigated the role of worldviews in people’s assessment of risks.
Several studies confirmed the postulated negative relationship between income and risk perception for natural and technological food hazards (Dosman, Adamowicz and Hrudey, 2001; Nayga, 1996; Roosen, Thiele and Hansen, 2005; Siegrist, 2003). However, according to the German National Nutrition Survey II (Federal Research Centre for Nutrition and Food, 2008), consumers with lower socioeconomic background were found to be more concerned about natural food hazards such as spoilt food, whereas wealthier consumers were more concerned about the technological food hazards of pesticides.
To sum up the two main approaches in risk perception research, the psychometric paradigm has its roots in psychology and the Cultural Theory approach in anthropology. The first approach focuses on the characteristics of hazards that people take into account when making judgments about risks by applying approaches of cognitive psychology. However, it neglects the social context and cannot explain individual differences in risk perception. Cultural Theory focuses on the influence of culture and is able to explain inter-group differences, but it fails to take into account individual responses to risk (Jackson, Allum and Gaskell, 2006), and empirical applications usually have low explanatory power.