An Empire of Memory: The Legend of Charlemagne, the Franks, by Matthew Gabriele

By Matthew Gabriele

Starting presently after Charlemagne's dying in 814, the population of his old empire appeared again upon his reign and observed in it an exemplar of Christian universality - Christendom. They mapped modern Christendom onto the previous and so, through the 9th, 10th, and 11th centuries, the borders of his empire grew with every one retelling, mainly together with the Christian East. even though the pull of Jerusalem at the West turns out to were robust through the 11th century, it had a extra restricted influence at the Charlemagne legend. in its place, the legend grew in this interval as a result of a unusual fusion of rules, carried ahead from the 9th century yet filtered throughout the social, cultural, and highbrow advancements of the intervening years. mockingly, Charlemagne turned less significant to the Charlemagne legend. The legend grew to become a narrative in regards to the Frankish humans, who believed they'd held God's favour less than Charlemagne and held out desire that they can at some point reclaim their detailed position in sacred heritage. certainly, well known types of the final Emperor legend, which talked about an excellent ruler who could reunite Christendom in education for the final conflict among stable and evil, promised simply this to the Franks. principles of empire, identification, and Christian non secular violence have been effective reagents. the combination of those rules might remind males in their Frankishness and circulate them, for instance, to take in fingers, march to the East, and reclaim their position as defenders of the religion in the course of the First campaign. An Empire of reminiscence makes use of the legend of Charlemagne, an often-overlooked present in early medieval concept, to examine how the contours of the connection among East and West moved throughout centuries, relatively within the interval major as much as the 1st campaign.

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975–v. 1180), ed. Alphonse Meillon (Cauterets, 1920), 249–50. 1059–69. 47 Heinrici III. Diplomata, ed. Bresslau and Kehr, v, no. 271. 48 Cartulaire du prieuré de Saint-Pierre de la Réole, ed. Ch. Grellet-Balguerie, Archives historiques de la Gironde, 5 (1863), no. 102. 49 Sources discussed and summarized in Walter Cahn, ‘Observations on the A of Charlemagne in the Treasure of the Abbey of Conques’, Gesta, 45 (2006), 97–100. 50 Caroli Magni Diplomata, ed. Mühlbacher, i, no. 245. , no. 240. , no.

This new image, topped by a golden-headed Charlemagne, ‘lay completely within the confines of the ninth century, contained within four generations of kings. ’21 Just as the Visio Karoli Magni used the four Old High German words to narrate the descent of Charlemagne’s line––abundance to dissension to greed to the end––so Notker uses four components––gold to silver to iron to clay––of a reimagined statue from Daniel to tell of the weakness of this (his) fourth generation. But Notker was not lamenting.

Ger. (Berlin, 1957), iii, nos. 115, 98, respectively. 26 Thietmar of Merseburg, Chronicon, in Ottonian Germany: The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg, tr. David A. Warner (Manchester, 2001), 89, 124. Bruno of Segni, Vita sancti Adalberti, MGH SS 4: 599. But others pushed back. The late 10th-cent. chronicler Benedict of St Andrew on Monte Soratte pointedly compared the glory of Charlemagne with the barbarism of the Ottonians. Benedict of St Andrew, Chronicon, MGH SS 3: 719. 27 Janet L. ), Carolingian Culture: Emulation and Innovation (Cambridge, 1994), 77.

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