By Wim Pelupessy, Reurd Ruben
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Extra resources for Agrarian Policies in Central America
Sugar, tea and bananas were to some extent replaced by soybeans and peanuts. It is interesting to compare the absolute yields of the two crops both countries have in common: rice and sugarcane. 7 t/ha. 3 Rice Sweet potatoes Sugar Peanuts Tea Soybean Bananas Sources: Montoya (1991: 21, 30, 45); Wang Rong (1992: 18, 19). the 1980s (Thorbecke, 1992: 40). 7 t/ha was registered (Wang Rong, 1992: 19). 5 However, the productivity growth rates were higher for Taiwan. El Salvador’s seven principal crops lost 20 per cent of their collective weight in real GDP.
In any case, income distribution for the reformed sector is less skewed 40 Land Reform in El Salvador and Taiwan than for the rural sector as a whole. The skewedness of income distribution of the cooperative reform beneﬁciaries of El Salvador seems to be comparable to that of total agriculture in Taiwan. The Taiwanese land reform and the increased linkages with off-farm employment created higher and more equally distributed real income growth rates for farm families than in El Salvador. If these tendencies persist, one could question the efﬁciency of the reform process for future agricultural development of El Salvador, let alone that the sector could be a viable provider of resources for industrialization.
8 per cent growth (Montoya 1992). 72 per cent respectively (Thorbecke 1992). This indicates a higher intensiﬁcation of the use of productive labor in agriculture in this country, while El Salvador showed a relative decline. 7 per cent) conﬁrmed that the reform boosted a labor-using and input-intensive modernization process in Taiwan. The scant information about agricultural technology in the 1980s indicates the persistence of under-utilization of land in El Salvador in both large private estates and reformed cooperatives (Pelupessy 1997).