By Jerry Green
The Wounded Knee bloodbath of December 29, 1890, recognized to U.S. army historians because the final conflict in "the Indian Wars," was once in truth one other tragic occasion in a bigger development of conquest, destruction, killing, and damaged offers that proceed to this day.
On a chilly winter's morning greater than a century in the past, the U.S. 7th Cavalry attacked and killed greater than 260 Lakota males, girls, and youngsters at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. within the aftermath, the damaged, twisted our bodies of the Lakota humans have been quickly lined via a blanket of snow, as a snow fall swept during the geographical region. a couple of days later, veteran military health care professional John Vance Lauderdale arrived for accountability on the close by Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. surprised by means of what he encountered, he wrote a number of letters to his closest relations detailing the occasions, aftermath, and way of life at the Reservation lower than army career. He additionally taken care of the wounded, either Cavalry squaddies and Lakota civilians. What distinguishes After Wounded Knee from the massive physique of literature already on hand at the bloodbath is Lauderdale's frank value determinations of army existence and a private statement of the tragedy, untainted via self-serving memory or adorned newspaper and political reviews. His feel of frustration and outrage towards the army command, specifically about the strategies used opposed to the Lakota, is vividly obvious during this intimate view of Lauderdale's lifestyles. His correspondence offers new perception right into a common topic and used to be written on the peak of the cultural fight among the U.S. and Lakota humans. Jerry Green's cautious modifying of this big assortment, a part of the loo Vance Lauderdale Papers within the Western Americana assortment in Yale University's Beinecke Library, clarifies Lauderdale's reports on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
Read Online or Download After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John Vance Lauderdale while Serving with the Army Occupying the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 1890-1891 PDF
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Extra resources for After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John Vance Lauderdale while Serving with the Army Occupying the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 1890-1891
Sioux Reservation after the treaty of 1868. r--, - - - - - - - - -- -- -- -- - ,, I ,I I / '\... -- -- ~--------------~~------------~ Figure 2 . Sioux Reservation after the treaty of 1876. \, ) , 21 Chapter One: Background r--------- -----------------1, / ,I I I, '- , \ , I, I, I, I, I Riv e r Figure 3. Sioux Reservation after the Land Agreement of 1889. agriculture. 27 Prolonged drought had began in central South Dakota in 1886. 28 Many white farmers gave up any hope of ever farming the arid land and moved on.
In addition, units from the Nebraska National Guard stationed themselves on the southern border of the reservations to protect the citizens of Nebraska in the event of hostilities. The Federal government, at the request of the governor of South Dakota, issued arms and ammunition to private citizens who had settled along the reservations' boundaries. Colonel M. H. Day of the South Dakota Militia, under orders from Governor Mellette, distributed guns and ammunition to settlers surrounding the reservations, most notable, the Cheyenne River reservation.
Hoff, Lieutenant Robinson, Lieutenant Nichelson, Dr. Glennan, Captain Wallace; and near which were 16. 15. 14. 12. 13. II. 9. 10. 8. 7. 6. 5. General. Forsyth, Lieutenant. McConnick, and some reporters. Officers' tents, Seventh Battalion. Enlisted men's tents, Seventh Battalion. Bivouac of the Second Battalion on the night of 28 December 1890. Four Hotchkiss guns and detachment of the First Artillery under Captain Capron, and Second Lieutenant. Hawthorne Second Artillery. Indian village. Indian ponies.