A Tragedy of Democracy: Japanese Confinement in North by Greg Robinson

By Greg Robinson

The confinement of a few 120,000 eastern american citizens in the course of global battle II, known as the japanese American internment, has been defined because the worst respectable civil rights violation of contemporary U. S. heritage. Greg Robinson not just bargains a daring new figuring out of those occasions but additionally reviews them inside of a bigger time-frame and from a transnational perspective.

Drawing on newly came upon fabric, Robinson presents a backstory of confinement that unearths for the 1st time the level of the yank government's surveillance of jap groups within the years major as much as conflict and the development of what officers termed "concentration camps" for enemy extraterrestrial beings. He additionally considers the aftermath of confinement, together with where of eastern american citizens in postwar civil rights struggles, the lengthy flow by means of former camp inmates for redress, and the continued function of the camps as touchstones for national commemoration and debate.

Most remarkably, A Tragedy of Democracy is the 1st ebook to investigate reliable coverage towards West Coast eastern americans inside a North American context. Robinson reports confinement at the mainland along occasions in wartime Hawaii, the place fears of eastern americans justified military dictatorship, suspension of the structure, and the imposition of army tribunals. He equally reads the therapy of jap americans opposed to Canada's confinement of 22,000 electorate and citizens of eastern ancestry from British Columbia. A Tragedy of Democracy recounts the expulsion of virtually 5,000 eastern from Mexico's Pacific Coast and the poignant tale of the japanese Latin americans who have been abducted from their houses and interned within the usa. imminent eastern confinement as a continental and foreign phenomenon, Robinson bargains a really kaleidoscopic realizing of its genesis and outcomes.

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With aid from the Camp and Mill Workers Union, a labor organization staffed by progressive Issei (and also from a few white allies, such as liberal professor Henry F. Angus), the Canadian Nisei lobbied for suffrage. indb 28 4/17/09 8:03:03 AM BACKGROUND TO CONFINEMENT [29] founded in 1933, dared support Asian suffrage. ” 49 Hoping to go over the heads of the British Columbians, in 1936 the JCCL sent a delegation of Nisei, led by the distinguished Canadian-born semanticist Dr. S. I. 50 The national CCF announced its support, and various Liberals outside of British Columbia favored passage.

In 1923 Canada passed a Chinese immigration act that barred virtually all Chinese immigration. W. Neill, introduced a bill to extend the exclusion to Japanese. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, who declared himself in favor of a culturally homogenous, “White” Canada, preferred to avoid unilateral action. Instead, he held a series of negotiations with the Japanese consul general, using the threat of legislation as a lever to tighten immigration. 32 Encouraged by the American exclusion law of 1924, members of Parliament from British Columbia continued to push for a total federal ban on Japanese immigration, and in 1927 even introduced provisions for repatriation of existing immigrants.

74 In the mid1930s Itaru Tachibana, a Japanese Navy lieutenant commander, came to the United States as a language student. Tachibana constructed an espionage network in Southern California that was exposed in early 1941, with Tachibana being expelled from the country. One of those arrested was Toraichi Kono, a former valet to actor Charlie Chaplin, although he was not charged and was subsequently released. Government officials and Naval Intelligence officers were also well aware that Tokyo engaged in infiltration of spies through its consulates.

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