A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science at the by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Mapping Science Committee, Committee on Research Priorities for the USGS Center of Excellence for Geospatial Information Science

Accomplished and authoritative baseline geospatial info content material is important to the country and to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The USGS based its middle of Excellence for Geospatial details technological know-how (CEGIS) in 2006 to strengthen and distribute nationwide geospatial info resources in a fast-moving details expertise surroundings. to be able to satisfy this venture, the USGS requested the nationwide examine Council to evaluate present GIScience features on the USGS, determine present and destiny wishes for GIScience features, suggest recommendations for strengthening those services and for participating with others to maximise examine productiveness, and make concepts in regards to the superior study components for CEGIS to pursue. With an preliminary concentrate on enhancing the features of The nationwide Map, the record recommends 3 precedence learn parts for CEGIS: info entry and dissemination, facts integration, and knowledge types, and extra identifies study subject matters inside of those components that CEGIS may still pursue. to deal with those learn subject matters, CEGIS wishes a sustainable examine administration method that consists of a portfolio of collaborative study that balances brief and long-term pursuits.

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Katahdin, including streams, points of interest, and elevation profile), to requests for traditional topographic maps. To respond nimbly to such a range of information requests, The National Map has an intelligent spatiotemporal data model based on formal specification of geographic feature concepts in the form of ontologies. The National Map has an individual feature database as well as the more traditional layer databases associated with the original version. , hydrographic feature ontology, terrain feature ontology).

However, the committee is keenly aware of the importance of The National Map to the mission of NGPO and to the USGS as a whole, not to mention 4 The McMahon et al. report was written by a team whose primary objective was to develop a strategy for USGS geography science activities from 2005 to 2015 by analyzing regional, national, and global scientific issues and needs. The 12-person team that conducted the work spanned all the disciplines of USGS and also included the chairs of NRC panels that earlier had reviewed the geography program and the vision for The National Map.

As shown above, for the USGS disciplines to successfully implement their science strategy, there are numerous challenges that are inherent to GIScience, including issues with scale, temporal analysis of geospatial data, improving access to real-time data, and developing the standards and data integration techniques that will allow true multidisciplinary analysis. All of these are challenges that must be resolved for successful implementation of The National Map, therefore it became clear to the committee that the GIScience needs of the USGS as a whole and those of The National Map are highly complementary.

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