A History of Philosophy - Ockham to the Speculative Mystics by Copleston, Frederick

By Copleston, Frederick

Show description

Read or Download A History of Philosophy - Ockham to the Speculative Mystics (Christian Library) PDF

Similar other social sciences books

Place, Commonality and Judgment: Continental Philosophy and the Ancient Greeks

During this very important and hugely unique ebook, position, commonality and judgment give you the framework during which works principal to the Greek philosophical and literary culture are usefully positioned and reinterpreted. Greek existence, it may be argued, used to be outlined by means of the interconnection of position, commonality and judgment.

Lebenswelt oder Natur. Schwacher Naturalismus und Naturbegriff bei Jürgen Habermas

In seinen neueren Veröffentlichungen tritt Jürgen Habermas immer wieder als prominenter Kritiker von Naturalismus und Szientismus auf. Er will die kommunikative Vernunft vor ihrer Reduktion auf die instrumentelle bewahren, ohne dabei hinter die Voraussetzungen dessen zurückzufallen, was once er nachmetaphysisches Denken nennt.

Additional resources for A History of Philosophy - Ockham to the Speculative Mystics (Christian Library)

Example text

The nature of any given man is his individual nature, and it is in no way ‘common’. However, existent things can be similar to one another, and it is this similarity which is the objective foundation of the universal concept. One can speak of abstracting something ‘common’ from things, if one means that one can consider things according to their likeness to one another. But the universality of the concept, its predicability of many individuals, is superimposed by the mind: there is nothing objectively existing in a thing which can be predicated of any other thing.

Therefore the soul cannot be corrupted by any material agent. If man is truly free, it follows, according to Petrus Aureoli, that a judgment concerning a future free act is neither true nor false. ‘The opinion of the Philosopher is a conclusion which has been thoroughly demonstrated, namely that no singular proposition can be formed concerning a future contingent event, concerning which proposition it can be conceded that it is true and that its opposite is false, or conversely. ’ To deny this is to deny an obvious fact, to destroy the foundation of moral philosophy and to contradict human experience.

Therefore the principle of this operation of free choice also is unaffected by any material agent. Secondly, we experience in ourselves immanent, and therefore spiritual operations. Therefore the substance of the soul is spiritual. But the material cannot act on the spiritual or destroy it. Therefore the soul cannot be corrupted by any material agent. If man is truly free, it follows, according to Petrus Aureoli, that a judgment concerning a future free act is neither true nor false. ‘The opinion of the Philosopher is a conclusion which has been thoroughly demonstrated, namely that no singular proposition can be formed concerning a future contingent event, concerning which proposition it can be conceded that it is true and that its opposite is false, or conversely.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.83 of 5 – based on 12 votes