Dictionary of Human Rights, A by David Robertson

By David Robertson

This reference paintings displays the becoming foreign hindrance over human rights. It presents causes of the terminology, concerns, agencies and legislation surrounding this emotive topic. A Dictionary of Human Rights gains: * over two hundred transparent and concise mini-essays * alphabetical association for ease of use This e-book is an important resource for someone drawn to or hooked up with human rights matters.

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His main works were A Fragment on Government (1776) which, among other things, amounted to a powerful attack on William Blackstone (1723–80), until then unchallenged as England’s legal philosopher, and The Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789). Bill of rights A bill of rights is a document which is usually, but not necessarily, annexed to a written constitution, guaranteeing a country’s citizens certain protection against action by their government. In addition to those documents directly called bills of rights, there are also many declarations in the world’s legal systems which have the equivalent function.

This is of particular importance given the frequent accusations that the Conseil is a purely political body 28 A DICTIONARY OF HUMAN RIGHTS representing conservative or class interests, and acting essentially as a third chamber of the legislature. The trouble for the Conseil has been that originally there was no body of constitutional law it could rely on. Not only did it come into existence under the new and, in its own way revolutionary, Constitution of the French Fifth Republic, but the country traditionally has had the strongest historical objection to any form of judicial review or court involvement in politics as part of its cultural heritage which dates from the 1789 revolution.

Such positive rights, more commonly found in supranational rights documents like the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, raise major theoretical problems, and seem to make those parts of such a bill non-justiciable. A constitutional court cannot rule that a government has failed in its duty to provide employment, for example, if the government maintains that such provision is economically unviable. It is also arguably the leading example of a system where a version of horizontal effect applies through the idea that constitutional norms have a radiating effect throughout the legal system.

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